Category Ammunition & Ordnance

SAR 80 rifle and 5.56 x 45 ammunition in the Central African Republic

In the photo above, anti-Balaka militia forces near Bouar in the Central African Republic (CAR) can be seen posing with some of their weapons. The fighter at the far right is holding  what is likely a Chinese Type 56 assault rifle, whilst his compatriot in yellow is holding a Singaporean SAR 80 rifle. The SAR […]

Small-calibre ammunition in Libya: an update

The Small Arms Survey has just released my latest report examining the small-calibre ammunition. Written as an update to my earlier, longer-format report on small-calibre ammo in Libya, this piece examines some new headstamps documented in the country, as well as looking at proliferation out of Libya. Small-calibre ammunition has proliferated out of Libya to […]

Did Chinese HJ-8E ATGWs in Syria Originate in Sudan?

In recent months, Chinese HJ-8E anti-tank guided weapons (ATGWs) have been documented in the hands of anti-government fighters in Syria. The HJ-8 (Hong Jian-8, or “Red Arrow-8”) is a second generation ATGW, operating on the semi-automatic command to line-of-sight (SACLOS) principle. Use of the HJ-8 requires that the operator continually keep the target  in the […]

Which Light Weight Automatic Grenade Launcher for the ADF?

The following is an excerpt of an article scheduled to appear in a forthcoming issue of the Small Arms Defence Journal (Vol.6 No.1), which examines the contenders for the Australian Defence Force’s LWAGL requirement. The complete article is over 3000 words in length, and discusses the grenade launchers, ammunition, and fire control systems of each […]

UN report confirms use of CW in Syria

A brief post to note that the UN report on the now-confirmed chemical weapons (CW) attacks on Ghouta has been released. It appears that many commentators and analysts, including myself, were correct in pointing to the unknown munition detailed in my previous posts as the probable delivery mechanism for CW agent in these attacks. The […]

Update: Alleged CW munitions in Syria

This piece is an update to my two earlier pieces examining the unidentified munitions alleged to have been used in chemical weapons (CW) attacks in Syria. It should be stressed that this is still a preliminary analysis of the photographic and videographic material available. It is still not clear whether these munitions carried a CW payload, nor are their […]

Alleged CW munitions in Syria fired from Iranian Falaq-2 type launchers

Note: this piece is intended as a follow-up to my earlier, preliminary analysis of the unidentified munitions claimed to have been used to deliver chemical agents in Syria. It will repeat a little of the material covered in the earlier piece as it is intended to be translated and made available in Arabic. It should be stressed […]